- Justices Roberts and Scalia would require participants to apply for benefits to the plan and be denied full payment (or any payment) before they could sue a fiduciary for a breach of ERISA's fiduciary requirements. Justices Roberts and Scalia would overturn 30 years of ERISA law that requires exhaustion of administrative remedies only for Section 502(a)(1)(B) claims (i.e. suits against the plan for denied benefit claims). The two Justices seem to propose that the exhaustion requirement also applies to Section 502(a)(2)/409(a) claims (i.e. suits against fiduciaries to restore losses to the plan as a whole). Why? Because 502(a)(1)(b) comes before 502(a)(2)! But the two sections are in the disjunctive and it would require the Court to read into ERISA a step-by-step requirement that does not exist.
- Justices Scalia and Roberts suggested that if a participant establishes a benefit due under Section 502(a)(1)(B), and the plan cannot pay, the plan then should sue the trustee for mismanagement. But under ERISA, a plan is not one of the named parties that are authorized to file a lawsuit. Under ERISA only the Secretary of Labor, or a participant, beneficiary, or another fiduciary can sue a fiduciary for a breach of any of ERISA's fiduciary duties. To quote Justice Roberts in an exchange with DeWolff's counsel:
If there is a suit under (a)(1(B) for a breach of the plan by a fiduciary do you agree that the plan, if it's liable, could then sue the fiduciary? . . . [W]ould that be a feasible result under the statute?DeWolff's counsel answered "yes" but clearly the answer is "no" and Justice Roberts did not challenge the answer (nor did any other Justice).
- The issue of what remedies are available to individuals against breaching fiduciaries under Section 502(a)(3) was addressed mostly in passing. It is possible that the Court's decision would not even answer that important issue if it concludes that LaRue does have a claim under Section 502(a)(2).